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Political Philosophy Workshop系列第五讲

发布日期:2017-03-13  来源:中山大学哲学系(珠海)  作者:中山大学哲学系(珠海)  阅读次数:


 


主办:中山大学哲学系(珠海)
主题:自由的开端:重思共和主义与自由主义的联系
主讲人:Andreas Kalyvas(美国新学院副教授)
主持:Jun-Hyeok Kwak(中山大学教授)
时间:2017年3月16日下午16:00
地点:中山大学珠海校区海滨红楼13号哲学系(珠海)行政办公楼106
摘要:
  在《自由的开端:建立现代的共和国》(2008)一书中,我和艾拉·卡茨尼尔森认为,自由主义的政治理论起源于现代共和主义者对于政治和法律的讨论。我们相信,由于共和主义思想家试图回应和适应政治现代性的历史、社会、经济和智力的逐渐转变,所以他们开创了独特的政治和宪法话语,由一套新的自由主义原则作为框架。
  这一论点显然有意引起争论,旨在对主流的史学和规范化的研究途径进行挑战,这一研究途径传播了一个二元的历史的、方法论的和规范化的体系,声称这两种政治传统截然对立。我们反对共和主义和自由主义产生于不同源泉的观点,这两个在虚假的对立竞争中发展的词汇事实上并不互相对应。相反,我们认为政治自由主义是从共和主义中破茧而出。我们相信转变为自由主义的共和主义也包含着至关重要的内涵。我们试图对现代自由主义理论以及政治哲学提出质疑,同时也会提及到其他的可能性,或者至少为彻底重新反思自由主义开拓空间——包括自由主义的历史、特点、标准化的目标以及它的前景。
  在书中,我们阐述了另一种可引导现代政治的见解——一种意义非凡的、深奥的、有历史依据的、社会学角度上敏感的、制度导向性的见解。最后,这次回顾可使我们更加系统地反思关于现代性以及政治这种更加宏大的问题,反思现代政治的构想。正如我们所指出的,自由政治的产生终究是为了试图创造现代共和政体——一个针对现代情况的共和政体。自由主义正是这股力图现代的混合力量产生的结果。
  因此,《自由的开端》包含三个主要的研究方向以及三个概括性的论述。我的展示中会再次回顾以及再次思考这些——先是从书引发的一些批判的声音出发,然后会涉及到当时没有充分探讨的话题以及问题——主要是与民主、殖民主义、国际法以及社会主义相关的。此次的修正将会以初步暂时性的反思结尾——反思自由主义在当今社会遇到的特定挑战。


Political Philosophy Workshop (V)
 
Organizer: Department of Philosophy (Zhuhai),Sun Yat-sen University
Topic: Rethinking the Relationship between Republicanism and Liberalism
Speaker: Andreas Kalyvas (Associate Professor, The New School,USA)
Moderator: Jun-Hyeok Kwak (Professor, Sun Yat-sen University)
Time: Mar. 16th, 16:00pm
Venue: R106, No.13 Administrative Building of Department of Philosophy (Zhuhai), SYSU
Abstract:
In Liberal Beginnings: Making a Republic for the Moderns (2008) Ira Katznelson and I argued that the political doctrine of liberalism originated within modern republican discussions of politics and law.  We claimed that as republican thinkers sought to respond and adapt to the historical, social, economic, and intellectual transformations of a political modernity in the making they inaugurated a distinct political and constitutional discourse animated by a new set of formative liberal principles. 
This claim had a clearly polemical aim: to challenge one dominant approach, both historiographical and normative, which propagated a binary historical, methodological, and normative scheme, placing the two political traditions in stark opposition to one another. 
We rejected the view that republicanism and liberalism emerged from different well-springs, two incommensurate vocabularies that developed in rivalry, as a false antagonism.  Instead, we argued that political liberalism burst from the shell of a republican chrysalis. 
Our claim that republicanism transmuted into liberalism had also a critical intent. We sought to question some tendencies in contemporary liberal theory and political philosophy and allude to alternative possibilities, or at least, to open up spaces for a radical rethinking of liberalism - its history, its character, its normative aspirations, and its prospects.  At the time, we described one alternative in terms of a rich, thick, historically grounded, sociologically sensitive, and institutionally oriented understanding to guide modern politics. 
Finally, this rethinking allowed us to reflect more systematically on the broader question of modernity and politics, on the modern political imaginary.  After all, as we asserted, the liberal invention of politics occurred in the attempt to create a modern republic, a republic suited for specifically modern conditions. 
Liberalism was the effect of this concerted effort to become modern.  Liberal Beginnings, therefore, consists of these three main lines of inquiry, three general claims, and my presentation will revisit and reconsider them, first in light of some critical responses it provoked and second, in relation to certain themes and questions that were not sufficiently explored at the time, mainly those associated with democracy, colonialism, international law, and socialism. This revision concludes with some preliminary and tentative reflections on liberalism in the context of the particular challenges it faces today.


 

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