Academician Qin Dahe Delivered a Lecture on “Climate Change Science and Sustainable Development” at SYSU Zhuhai Campus
Last updated : 2016-01-11
Written by: Lu Shan, Tang Mingmin
Translated by: Li Cuizhen
On January 9th morning, a popular science report given by Academician Qin Dahe was held at the Underground Conference Hall of the library on Zhuhai Campus. This lecture is one of the itinerary lectures given by CAS members and experts of "Science & China" Program. It is sponsored by the Chinese Academy of Sciences, CCCPC Publicity Department, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Science and Technology, Chinese Academy of Engineering, China Association for Science and Technology, and organized by Chinese Academy of Sciences Academic and Publishing Committee, Zhuhai Science and Technology and Industry and Information Technology Bureau, Zhuhai Education Bureau and SYSU Zhuhai Campus Administration.
Showing the data of the global climate change, Academician Qin pointed out that global warming has become a trend. He also introduced the Climate Conference in Paris, and the first global emission reduction agreement in history signed at the conference—"Paris Agreement", which is the scientific basis of the negotiations between countries under the "United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change" (UNFCCC). Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) played a significant role in the process of signing the agreement. Academician Qin has participated in the work of IPCC for many times. He elaborated the work of IPCC and its importance.
Greenhouse effect is not a new term. It appeared more than a hundred years ago.
Academician Qin briefly introduced the history of research on greenhouse gases, and showed the relation between the effect of greenhouse gases and life expectancy with data. He said that the emissions released many years ago still exist in the atmosphere. The accumulative emissions of the United States and European countries are more than others’, because they started emitting greenhouse gases over a hundred years earlier than China did. Therefore, the "common but differentiated responsibilities" principle for developing countries is reasonable. Since 21st century, the main cause of global warming has been the cumulative emissions of carbon dioxide. This made carbon emissions a critical issue nowadays. Academician Qin used graphs to demonstrate that the current emission of our country featured a large amount and fast growth. The impact of climate change is comprehensive and multifaceted. The loss caused by climate change is also increasing. Academician Qin analyzed and transition paths of climate resilience and pointed out the urgent need to take immediate action to reduce the risks and losses caused by climate change.
Problems of smog cannot be neglected.
Academician Qin outlined the definition of fog and haze and the serious status-quo of China’s smog problem. He proposed to discuss China’s energy conservation and environmental protection according to China's national conditions, analyzed the great value of positively mitigation actions, and called that combating the smog problems is a long-term and technological war in China. It requires close cooperation and joint efforts of the government and the people.
At the end of the lecture, Academician Qin expressed his expectation for the SYSU students. He encouraged students to pay attention to climate change and actively contribute to the development of science and technology. In the Q&A session, Academician Qin provided professional answers to the questions asked by the audience, such as whether the development of nuclear power is environmental friendly, and received the audience's applause.
The popular science lectures not only presented the great contribution made by IPCC to the world and the seriousness of climate change, but also provided the audience with a better understanding of their responsibilities on climate change.
Introduction of the speaker:
Qin Dahe, a geographer, is a member of the 12th Standing Committee of the National Committee of the CPPCC, the deputy director of Committee of Population, Resources and Environment, and the Vice-Chairman of China Association for Science and Technology. He is also an academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences and Third World Academy of Sciences, the former Director of China Meteorological Bureau and former Secretary of CPC Leadership Group. He has been involved in the leadership of the 3rd, 4th, and 5th UNIPCC assessment report on climate change and the assessment of China’s climate change. Academician Qin Dahe actively promotes the concepts of cryospheric science and the establishment of state key laboratory of cryospheric science. He presided over the "Chinese Meteorological Service Development Strategy Research", put forward the concept of a new atmosphere, and implemented the development strategies of meteorology and the reform of meteorological operation technology system, leading China’s meteorological science and technology development into a new era. He has over four hundreds published books and papers, and won the International Meteorological Organization Prize (IMO) in 2008, the Volvo Environment Prize in 2013, the Second Prize of National Natural Science Award 2014 and the like. He also shared the Nobel Peace Prize for IPCC in 2007 when he participated in the work of it.